Ruby on Rails is an awesome framework to build web application. Rails relies on the MVC pattern, and lots of conventions, code becomes complex to maintain, productivity start to decrease, etc.
We can find a lot of reasons to this(too much logic in controllers, fat models, lack of services layers, etc.), but I will just name one: logic in view, logic in view is bug prone, difficult to test, and can be a pain for front-end developers.
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Well, you got it, logic in view. And since rails don’t have view inheritance, this code will have to be copy-pasted over and over, I would rather have something like:
So, how can we remove logic from the view?
Decorator Design Pattern save the views
As usual, we can find a solution with a pattern. the decorator design pattern will help us remove logic from views in our Rails applications.
The idea is to insert an object between the model and the view, well there is a good ruby gem is Draper that work well.
Let create a decorator for the Article class
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A few things to notice here. From the controller, we call the decorate method on a instance of article, this will return a decorated version of the article object.
In the ArticleDecorator class, we have access to the decorated object with the object method and to all view helpers through the h object.
We can now call the link_to_edit method on the article object from our view, and the decorator will take care of the logic, and return a formatted link if the user has the right edit this resource, and nothing if he does not.
The code is easier to test, we just instantiate a new instance of the ArticleDecorator, and check the output of the link_to_edit method. No need to test whole renderd view, searching through the DOM object tree.
So far so good, we gain code readablility, code reuse, better testing, and in addition, we even lost a few lines of duplicated code. :)